Allergic rhinitis occurs when the nose and usually also the ears, eyes, sinuses, and throat come into contact with allergy-causing substances. The allergy-causing substances are called allergens. The most common allergens are pollens, molds, dust, and animal dander. A middle ear infection is an infection of the air-filled space in the ear behind the eardrum. Ear infections usually begin with a viral infection of the nose and throat. Ear infections may also occur when you have allergies. Symptoms of a middle ear infection include earache, hearing loss, feeling of blockage in the ear, fever, and dizziness. Outer ear infections can cause itching in the ear canal, pain and swelling of the ear canal, discharge from the ear, and crusting around the ear canal. Your physician will carefully clean and dry your ear. If your ear is very swollen, the physician may insert a wick soaked with an antibiotic into the ear to get the medicine into the infected area. Tinnitus (ringing in the ears) is not normal, and can be a symptom of other disorders. Some of the causes of tinnitus are hearing loss, noise exposure, ear infections, sinus infections, Meniere's disease, ear or head injury, otosclerosis, cardiovascular disease, certain medications, anxiety or stress, heavy smoking, and thyroid disorders. Sleep apnea is a serious sleep problem. Sleep apnea causes you stop breathing for more than 10 seconds at a time many times while you sleep. Another term for this problem is obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep apnea affects between 2 and 10% of people. It is more common in men than in women.
Sinusitis is swollen, infected linings of the sinuses. The sinuses are hollow spaces in the bones of your face and skull that connect with the nose through small openings. Symptoms may include feeling fullness or pressure in your head, a painful headache present when you wake up or bend your head down,
Vocal polyps and nodulesare growths that may occur in several situations: straining the voice, hypothyroidism, radiation therapy in the neck, or long-lasting sinusitis with drainage, cough, and frequent throat clearing. The first symptom of polyps and nodules is usually hoarseness, which occurs when the growth or growths interfere with the flow of air past the vocal cords.
Thyroidectomy is a surgical procedure removing all or part of the thyroid gland. A thyroidectomy may be done when you have a nodule (lump) in your thyroid gland that could be cancerous. A thyroidectomy may also be done when the thyroid gland is overactive (hyperthyroidism) and medicine has failed to control the problem.