The new mission to Mars launched this morning from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 41 in Florida
According to NASA, the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) will explore the planet's "upper atmosphere, ionosphere and interactions with the sun and solar wind".
Scientists are launching MAVEN to answer the question 'what happened to Mars?"
When the planet was forming billions of years ago, Mars was possibly on track to become a host to life, just like Earth.
Then something happened to stop Mars from becoming like Earth.
"Scientists will use MAVEN data to determine the role that loss of volatile from the Mars atmosphere to space has played through time, giving insight into the history of Mars' atmosphere and climate, liquid water, and planetary habitability." says NASA.
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